Rizatriptan is a prescription-only medication used to alleviate symptoms of migraines. It can be used to treat headaches with or without aura (flashing lights, lines or blurred vision), as well as other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to sound and light. Rizatriptan is part of the triptan group of medications. These drugs work by reversing the effects of enlarged blood vessels around the brain that are believed to bring about migraine attacks.
How does Rizatriptan Work?
Migraine headaches are thought to be caused by enlarged blood vessels that surround the brain. Rizatriptan works by narrowing these dilated vessels. It can also affect natural substances in the brain that are thought to trigger migraine symptoms, such as pain, nausea and sensitivity to sound and light.
What is a Migraine?
Migraine is characterized by asevere throbbing headache. Pain is usually felt at the front or side of the head.
Side effects of Rizatriptan are often mild but may include drowsiness, dizziness, stomach pains, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain and cramps, hot flushes and a dry mouth. While rare, there are also some more serious side effects associated with the medication. If these symptoms are severe or persist, seek medical assistance immediately.
Over the counter pain-killers such as paracetamol, aspirin or nurofen may help to reduce the symptoms of migraines.
They are most effective when taken as soon as the migraine starts.
Triptans are medications that can help to reverse the changes in the brain that may cause migraines.
Patient Information Leaflet
Always read the patient information leaflet before commencing treatment.
Patient information can be found here.