Enalapril is a medicine that belongs to a group called ACE inhibitors (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors), used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure.
Enalapril works by relaxing the blood vessels, allowing blood to pass through them more easily. It also helps to make it easier for your heart to pump blood to all the parts of your body.
High blood pressure (also known as hypertension) or heart problems can be linked to a number of factors, such as a family history, a diet high in salt or being overweight or inactive.
In addition to some lifestyle changes (such as smoking and/or drinking less and exercising more), it’s often advised to take medication, such as Enalapril, to manage the conditions in order to prevent more serious ailments such as stroke, heart attack or blood clots.
Enalapril is a prescription-only medication. Always follow the advice of your doctor and read the patient information leaflet provided in the medication packet.
Take the tablets by swallowing whole with a drink of water, with or without food. You should take it at the same time of day, in order to help you remember.
Enalapril contains the active ingredient enalapril maleate, in strengths of either 2.5mg, 5mg, 10mg or 20mg per tablet.
For high blood pressure, the usual starting dose is 5mg taken once a day, with the amount often rising to 10mg or 20mg once a day, if your doctor feels that you need it. If you are using Enalapril for heart failure or other heart problems, then this dose will differ and you should always take the medication exactly as prescribed and check with your doctor if you’re unsure.
If you forget to take your Enalapril tablet then you should skip the forgotten dose and move straight onto the next one. Don’t worry but don’t double up on your dose to make up for a missed one.
If you take more Enalapril than you should, then go to your nearest doctor or emergency department immediately. Overdose can lead to low blood pressure, symptoms of which include feeling dizzy or faint.
Before taking Enalapril, you should always first consult your doctor. You should not take Enalapril if any of the following apply to you:
Your prescription of Enalapril may also be affected by a number of other factors, so you should make your doctor aware if any of the following apply:
Like many medications with active ingredients, Enalapril can affect or be affected by other medicines. Particular medications that you may experience this with include the following:
If you are taking any of the above medications, then you should make your doctor aware so that they can advise whether or not Enalapril will be the best course of action for you.
Like with all sufferers of high blood pressure or heart failure, you should pair your medication with some lifestyle changes such as eating healthily, exercising regularly and avoiding excessive smoking or drinking.
Your doctor may also perform regular blood pressure, kidney function and blood tests while on this medication.
The most common side effects of using Enalapril include:
If you do experience one or more of these side effects and they persist or worsen, then inform your doctor right away. You should also contact your doctor if you notice any serious side effects such as difficulty breathing, ringing in the ears or yellowing of the skin or eyes.
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