Microgynon 30 is a combined oral contraceptive pill. It is taking to stop getting pregnant.
Microgynon 30 contains two types of female sex hormones – estrogen and progestogen. The hormones stop you getting pregnant by preventing the release of an egg from the ovaries, my making the fluid in your cervix thicker to make it more difficult for sperm to enter the womb, and by preventing the lining of your womb to thicken enough for an egg to grow in it.
Microgynon 30 is a 21-day pill. You have to take one pill for 21 days, followed by 7 days with no pills.
Microgynon 30 tablets contain two active ingredients – ethinylestradiol and levonorgestrel, the synthetic versions of the naturally occurring female sex hormones – estrogen and progesterone.
Combined oral contraceptives like Microgynon work by over-riding your normal menstrual cycle. A woman’s menstrual cycle is normally characterized by changing levels of sex hormones. The hormones cause the release of an egg from the ovaries and prepare the lining of the womb for a possible pregnancy. At the end of each menstrual cycle, if an egg has not been fertilized the level of the hormones fall, resulting in the shedding of the womb lining as a monthly period.
The daily dose of hormones in the pill works by making your body think that ovulation has already happened, preventing an egg from ripening and being released from the ovaries every month.
The hormones also increase the thickness of the mucus at the neck of the womb, making it more difficult for sperm to cross from the vagina into the womb and fertilize an egg. They also change the quality of the womb lining, making it less conducive for a fertilized egg to be implanted there.
The benefits of taking Microgynon 30 include the following:
Microgynon does not protect you against sexually transmitted infections. Only condoms can do this.
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